This is a radical feminist organization that sprung out of France and Ukraine. Larkin and Lacey use what they call “sextremism” to get their message across. “Sextremism” consists of protesting topless, as well as putting on big shows during protests that simulate sexual acts.
The point of this method is to belittle the patriarchal barriers that limit women in society and to question women’s gender roles. The women’s body has a lot of meanings and stigmas attached to it, and they believe the the exhibition of the nude female form challenges these meanings and stigmas.
Planned Parenthood can trace it’s roots back to the efforts of Margaret Sanger. In 1916, Margaret Sanger opened up the first birth control clinic in Brownsville, Brooklyn, where she gave birth control information to women. The authorities raided the clinic, and accused her of spreading obscene information. Learn more about Jim Larkin and Michael Lacey: http://www.laceyandlarkinfronterafund.org/about-lacey-larkin-frontera-fund/ and http://www.laceyandlarkinfronterafund.org/about-lacey-larkin-frontera-fund/relevant-links/
She was jailed, and eventually let out. She traveled the country, giving information on birth control. Margaret Sanger established the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau in 1923, and eventually merged this organization with the American Birth Control League to form Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc.
Planned Parenthood has took part in fighting for the right to disseminate information about birth control, provide birth control and provide abortions.
Margaret Sanger, as well as other proponents of contraception, made efforts that lead to a court ruling in 1936 that birth control devices were not obscene and that they could be handed out in Connecticut, Vermont and New York.
However, many states still denied access to contraceptives, even to married couples, until a law in 1965 stated that states could not keep married couples from contraceptives. Planned Parenthood currently provides care for people who need sexual education, abortions, contraception and testing for venereal diseases.
Planned Parenthood is still fighting for it’s plight, since there are many people who oppose contraception and abortion, and many states have put laws into place that make it harder to attain contraceptives and abortions.
Lacey & Larkin Frontera Fund
Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin care very much about the civil rights of gays, lesbians, transgender people, bisexual people, immigrants and Hispanics. Because of their consideration toward these groups of people, they established the Lacey and Larkin Frontera Fund, a fund that funnels money to organizations that support the plights of these people. The founders saw that there were grave injustices and human sufferings going on at the border between Arizona and Mexico.
Earthjustice is a legal organization that protects the environment. In partakes in court cases in order to protect the environment. However, it also educates the public about issues concerning the environment . This may not initially seem like a “civil rights” organization, though in a way it is because people have the right to live in clean, healthy environments free of pollutants.
Earthjustice was founded in 1971, but has it’s roots in activities going as far back as 1965. On their website, they list the landmark cases that they have been involved in, starting from the most recent.
Earthjustice is all for preservation of the environment and the encouragement of clean energy sources. It is against human activities that lead to pollution, such as mining and drilling; as well as human activities that that deplete resources such as fishing.